Archive for March, 2008|Monthly archive page
see this excellent anti-shock website below, click on “Electroshock and Women” – Bonnie is quoted
[posted with permission]
TESTIMONY OF JOHN M. FRIEDBERG, M.D., NEUROLOGIST, BEFORE THE MENTAL HEALTH COMMITTEE OF THE NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MARTIN LUSTER PRESIDING
NYC, May 18, 2001
“In view of the primitive simplicity of their minds, they (the masses) more easily fall victim to a big lie than to a little one, since they themselves lie in little things, but would be ashamed of lies that were too big.” Adolph Hitler. Mein Kampf, Vol.1, Ch. 10, 1924 tr. Ralph Manheim, 1943
My name is John Friedberg. I am a board certified neurologist practicing in Berkeley, California.
I was born in Far Rockaway (NYC) in 1942, graduated Lawrence High School, Yale University and the University of Rochester School of Medicine and for the past twenty years I’ve been seeing patients with every conceivable neurologic problem, from headaches to Huntington’s, in my office and in hospitals.
I am in good standing with my hospitals, professional societies and licensing boards and I’m proud to say I’ve never been successfully sued.
In 1975 I published my book “Shock Treatment Is Not Good For Your Brain” and in 1979 “Shock Treatment, Brain Damage and Memory Loss,” a peer reviewed article in the American Journal of Psychiatry.
I do not believe in mental illness. Depression is no more “the same as diabetes” than heartbreak is the same as a heart attack.
I do not believe in hypothetical diseases of the mind but there is no mistaking damage to the brain. Psychiatric drugs and electroshock inflict real injury in the name of treating fictive maladies. Paul Henri Thomas has Tardive Dyskinesia and heptatitis from psychiatric drugs and amnesia from the ECT.
BASIS FOR OPINIONS
My opinions are based on my years of experience with patients and review of records from all over the country as an expert witness electroshock malpractice cases. They are based on ECT statistics from the six states which mandate reporting; and of necessity, my opinions are based on a lifetime following publications and statements issuing from the small but vocal minority of psychiatrists who believe in ECT and usually nothing but.
Fortunately for me, the believers don’t always believe each other; their data frequently belie their conclusions; and what they actually do contradicts what they say they do. The truth slips out.
As one example: we have known since the 1950’s that confining electroshock to the non-verbal hemisphere (usually the right as in “unilateral non-dominant ECT”) causes less verbal impairment and memory loss than bilateral ECT but the recommendation to begin with non-dominant ECT is honored mostly in the breech.
Another example: the “grandfather” of ECT, Dr. Max Fink claims the rate of memory loss is 1 in 200. He has repeated this so often it sounds like a fact. But Harold Sackeim, Ph.D., just as much an enthusiast and just as aggressive, says Fink’s figure has “no scientific basis.”
Who to believe? My view is that memory loss from ECT is no “side effect;” it’s the main effect and the best studies find it in 100% of subjects.
Incidentally, Dr. Fink didn’t pick the number 1/200 out of thin air. 1/200 has consistently been the death rate from ECT administration – as far back as 1958 and as recently as Texas and Illinois in the 1990’s.
FIVE BIG LIES
Big Lie 1: Dr. Fink tells people that ECT is safer than childbirth. If one out of every 200 women were dying in delivery it would be front page news.
Big Lie 2: ECT doesn’t cause brain damage. One picture will refute that. The illustration below (MRI on the right, CT left, same patient) depicts a large hemorrhage from ECT. Hemorrhages, large and small, cause permanent seizure disorders in some patients.
( Weisberg, L. Elliott, D and Mielke, D: Intracerebral Hemorrhage Following Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT). November 1991, Neurology V 41 p 1849.)
Another MRI study documented a breakdown of the blood brain barrier and cerebral edema – brain swelling – after each and every shock. (Mander et al: British Journal of Psychiatry, 1987: V 151, p 69-71)
Big lie 3: ECT is new and improved. The whole point of ECT is to trigger a convulsion and there is simply no way around the brain’s threshold: 100 joules of energy, a typical “dose,” whether brief pulse, square wave, sine wave, AC or DC, unilateral or bilateral, with or without oxygen equals the energy it takes to light up a 100 watt bulb for one second or drop a 73 pound weight one foot. And it’s the energy that does the damage.
Big lie 4: ECT is a “Godsend” (Fink again). In March of this year, Dr. Sackeim published a study in JAMA showing a “relapse rate” of 84% within six months of stopping ECT. It is no coincidence that improvement ceases just as the concussive effects are finally waning. Sackeim’s solution?: more ECT. Call it “maintenance” or call it “continuation,” just don’t stop. (JAMA. 2001;285:1299-1307).
Big lie 5: No one knows how ECT works. On the contrary, everyone knows how ECT works. It works by erasing memory and terrifying people.
ECT isn’t back – it never went away. It’s more common than appendectomy.
What has happened is that it’s advocates have grown more arrogant and the number of patients forced to undergo ECT against their will is increasing.
This was brought to public attention by Paul Henri Thomas fighting for his life and his mind at Pilgrim State Hospital on Long Island. Over the past two years he has been subjected to 60 shocks and a judge just ordered up 40 more. The newspapers state the Mr. Thomas was born in Haiti, emigrated from oppression and was granted American citizenship.
To be held down, drugged and forcibly administered convulsive dose after convulsive dose of electroshock to the head: can anyone think of a greater assault on a human being’s rights – short of death – in the whole world? And it’s happening here in the land of the free. That’s not acceptable.
We have had 60 years of poignant testimony from eloquent victims of electroshock. Ernest Hemingway complained it ruined his memory and put him out of business. He killed himself within weeks of concluding a second course of ECT. George Orwell ends 1984 with his protagonist being forced to love Big Brother on an electroshock table.
I urge you to declare a moratorium on electroconvulsive therapy until it can be proven safe by evidence, not proclamation.
I urge you to declare a moratorium on electroconvulsive therapy until patients can be guaranteed free and informed choice.
voting for this round starts tomorrow (saturday) evening at 8:00pm Central time.
i hope you got to watch the video.
—– Original Message —–
From: Don Weitz
To: john breeding
Sent: Friday, March 21, 2008 9:18 AM
Subject: Re: Ready for Saturday night PUSH TO FINAL FIVE dedicated to Leonard Roy Frank + “Aftermath”
I tried to vote but informed voting closed March 15 – also tried but failed to register previous times- good luck
On 21-Mar-08, at 3:58 PM, john breeding wrote:
VOTING FOR TOP 5 BEGINS 8 PM CST Saturday 3.22.08 …for 2 weeks!
Mary Marvel’s documentary of the
5th Annual Roky Erickson Psychedelic Ice Cream Social Celebrating Electroshock Survivors!!!
Sumner Erickson, Roky Erickson, J.T. Van Zandt, Powell St. John, Robyn Hitchcock, Jim Franklin, MIchelle Shocked, Leonard Roy Frank, Jack Blood…and more!
To all our friends and allies,
In the first round, we finished 19 of 338 to make the Top 50;
In the second round, we finished 12 of 50 to make the Top 25;
In round 3, we finished 7 of 25 to make the Top 10…
PLEASE VOTE EVERY DAY AS WE GO FOR THE TOP 5 AND THE BIG FINALS EVENT IN AUSTIN
And get others on board. If each of us can get another supporter or 2, I think we can make the final gala and get even more PR on our important cause!
WE NEED YOU TO KEEP VOTING EVERY DAY!!!
Here is the link to the documentary ready to be voted on. If you are logged in, you just click the vote buttton. If you are not,, click it anyway and it will direct you to to register or login, then click it again and vote:
Here are basic directions:
1. register with http://www.Famecast.com (they will have to send your email a
Confirmation to your email, and then you can vote.) [NOTE: Once registered, you can have your login remembered, and then all you have to do is click on the video (step 2) and vote-very quick! ]
2. Each day, every day, once a day … from March 22 until April 5, you can pull up the
URL at http://www.famecast.com/contest/stage_top25.php?stage_id=51&round_id=214&artist_id=8146 and vote by clicking the icon with a check at the top right of the movie. Then on April 5 they will go to the FINAL 5, and I want to be in that round, so we can really spread the word on artists challenging electroshock!!!
Leonard Roy Frank
With “therapeutic” fury
using instruments of infamy
conduct electrical lobotomies
in little Auschwitzes called mental hospitals.
Electroshock specialists brainwash,
their apologists whitewash
as silenced screams echo
from pain-treatment rooms
down corridors of shame.
to a world of narrowed dreams
piecing together memory fragments
for the long journey ahead.
From the roadside
awash in deliberate ignorance
sanction the unspeakable —
silence is complicity is betrayal.
March 9, 2008
Jim Handman, Producer
“Quirks and Quarks”
Dear Mr. Handman,
As a psychiatric survivor and antipsychiatry activist, I am writing to voice several major criticisms of statements on the psychiatric procedure of electroshock (“electroconvulsive therapy”) recently expressed by University of Toronto historian Edward Shorter. He was interviewed by CBC radio’s science reporter and host Bob McDonald on “Quirks and Quarks” on March 8. It’s hard to know where to begin, because Shorter expressed so many distortions and lies about electroshock–they were unchallenged which is inexcusable.
First, the interview was extremely biased, unbalanced and unprofessional. Only the pro-shock views of Shorter were allowed; no electroshock survivors and other critics were interviewed to challenge Shorter’s numerous distortions, if not lies, concerning the major effects and risks of electroshock. Thanks to MacDonald’s consistent refusal to question or challenge Shorter, this interview sounded like a promotional for Shorter and David Healy’s new book Shock Therapy–Shorter is on a disinformation campaign to sell his book, combat growing criticism and promote wider use of electroshock.
Second, Shorter never once mentioned the word ”seizure” or “grand mal seizure” that always occurs during every “ECT” procedure; instead he mentioned “convulsion”.
Third, Shorter failed to mention the 10-20 minute coma following the seizure; his phrase “out of it” is an inaccurate and dishonest substitute for coma.
Fourth, he failed to mention that while conscious shock survivors experience some or all of these immediate effects: disorientation, dizziness, severe headache, memory loss, physical or muscle weakness, nausea, apnea (sudden stoppage of breathing). Delirium is also a problem, people awakening from the shock are in no shape to drive a car on the day they are shocked, as Shorter claimed.
Fifth, brain damage was flatly denied. Shorter lied when he claimed there is “no brain damage”. In fact, several scientific studies over many years have proved the exact opposite; the American Psychiatric Association grudgingly acknowledges brain damage while minimizing its extent; however, the Canadian Psychiatric Association also flatly denies this damage. Nevertheless the recent and comprehensive study by Sackeim et al published in the January 2007 issue of Neuropsychopharmacology–Shorter had to read or know about it—conclusively proves electroshock causes permanent memory loss and brain damage, and that women survivors suffer “more severe” brain damage (“cognitive dysfunction”) than men. There is further evidence of brain damage in Calloway’s CT scan studies that reveal frontal lobe damage (c.1980); Devinsky & Duchowny’s research shows that electroshock can cause grand mal epileptic seizures after a series of electroshocks, and there’s more evidence of shock-caused brain damage from many other neurological and autopsy studies on humans and animals (see Peter Breggin, Brain-Disabling Treatments in Psychiatry, 1997; John Friedberg, “Shock treatment, brain damage, and memory loss: a neurological perspective”, American Journal of Psychiatry,1974; Leonard Roy Frank, Electroshock Quotationary [online] 2006. Shorter never once mentioned or cited these scientific facts or published works including the disproportionate targeting of women and elderly people – two to three times more women than men are shocked according to ECT statistics from the Ontario government’s Ministry of Health and other sources. Neither Shorter nor MacDonald seemed aware of these facts–apparently both were willfully ignorant.
Sixth, Shorter also lied when he claimed there is “no massive memory loss” or permanent memory loss caused by electroshock; he was dismissive when he mentioned only “transient” loss”. Shorter should know– perhaps he chose not to know–that many scientific studies such as the classic experiments by Yale psychologist Irving Janis (1949-1951); studies by psychologist Larry Squire (1983), and more recent ones clearly and convincingly document the fact that shock-caused memory loss is frequent and permanent. Significantly, Shorter didn’t mention or refer to published testimonies of numerous shock survivors that also reveal massive and permanent memory loss. McDonald should have interviewed Canadian shock survivors such as Wendy Funk, Sue Clark and/or Wayne Lax who have publicly and courageously testified against electroshock; they would have told him about horrific accounts of tragic losses or disabilities–a lot more credible and truthful than the self-serving lies told by Shorter.
If CBC radio is seriously interested in correcting its pro-shock bias and telling the real and horrific truth about electroshock and growing international resistance, it should start interviewing shock survivors such as the ones I mentioned. I can put McDonald and/or other researchers in touch with these shock survivors, other critics and activists. I also recommend that CBC researchers check out these major sites:
capa.oise.utoronto.ca, ect.org, endofshock.com, http://geocities.com/sueclark2001ca, mindfreedom.org
I also ask that you note the March 9 letter from Dr. Bonnie Burstow addressed to “Quirks”/CBC. Dr. Burstow is on the Faculty of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education/University of Toronto, I hope you reply to her.
I look forward to your reply.
Executive Committee Member, Coalition Against Psychiatric Assault
1401-38 Orchard View Blvd., Toronto M4R 2G3
Hello, Mr. McDonald, I am Sue Clark-Wittenberg from Ottawa, Ontario. I listen your show “Quirks and Quarks” on CBC all the time.
I listened to the tape of your show recently about your guest Edward Shorter discussing electroconvulsive therapy, also known as ECT, shock therapy, and electroshock.
I am an electroshock survivor. I had ECT given to me against my will in 1973 at the age of 17 years old at the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital in Ontario. On my 5th ECT, my heart stopped and I had to be revived.
I have started an ad campaign to ban electroshock. I have a website called “International Campaign to Ban Electroshock” at the URL: http://icbe.wordpress.com which is still being developed. Our group wants ECT banned universally because ECT is unethical and inhumane. We want a moratorium put on the use of electroshock in Canada and all over the world.
Our group feels that “Electroshock is a crime against humanity” and that ECT is torture.
Please see the attachment of the photo of me in the ad campaign. Crila from Montreal a professional photographer took this picture of me.
There is a large worldwide movement to ban electroshock with many other anti-ECT activists like myself.
I suffer from permanent memory loss and have difficulty learning anything new as a result of having had ECT. Prior to ECT I had no difficulty in learning, I used to be 2nd in my class.
Edward Shorter said on your show there is “no brain damage in ECT” That is not true at all.
Dr. Peter R. Breggin, a psychiatrist from New York State, an author of books entitled “Toxic Psychiatry”, “Electroshock: Its Brain Disabling Effects:” etc.
had written an article in April of last year 2007 which states that ECT causes brain damage.
Disturbing News for Shock Doctors and Patients Alike
by Peter R. Breggin
Something most remarkable and unexpected has occurred in the field of psychiatry. Lead by a lifelong defender and promoter of shock treatment, Harold Sackeim, a team of investigators has recently published a follow up study of 347 patients given the currently available methods of electroshock, including the supposedly most benign forms–and confirmed that electroshock causes permanent brain damage and dysfunction.
Based on numerous standardized psychological tests, six months after the last ECT every form of the treatment was found to cause lasting memory and mental dysfunction. In the summary words of the investigators, “Thus, adverse cognitive effects were detected six months following the acute treatment course.” They concluded, “this study provides the first evidence in a large, prospective sample that adverse cognitive effects can persist for an extended period, and that they characterize routine treatment with ECT in community settings.”
After traumatic brain damage has persisted for six months, it is likely to remain stable or even to grow worse. Therefore, the study confirms that routine clinical use of ECT causes permanent damage to the brain and its mental faculties.
The term cognitive dysfunction covers the entire range of mental faculties from memory to abstract thinking and judgment. The ECT-induced persistent brain dysfunction was global. In addition to the loss of autobiographical memories, the most marked cognitive injury occurred in “retention of newly learned information,” “simple reaction time,” and most tragically “global cognitive status” or overall mental function. In other words, the patients continued to have trouble learning and remembering new things, they were slower in their mental reaction times, and they were mentally impaired across a broad range of faculties.
Probably to disguise the wide swath of devastation, the Sackeim study did not provide the percentages of patients afflicted with persistent cognitive deficits; but all of the multiple tests were highly significant (p<0.0001 on 10 of 11 tests and p<0.003 on the 11th). Also, the individual measures correlated with each other. This statistical data indicates that a large percentage of patients were significantly impaired.
Many patients also had persistent abnormalities on the EEGs (brain wave studies) six months after treatment, indicating even more gross underlying brain damage and dysfunction. The results confirm that the post-ECT patients, as I have described in numerous publications, were grossly brain-injured with a generalized loss of mental functions.
Some of the older forms of shock–and still the most commonly used–produced the most severe damage; but all of the treatment types caused persistent brain dysfunction. The greater the number of treatments given to patients, the greater was the loss of biographical memories. Elderly women are particularly likely to get shocked–probably because there is no one to defend them–and the study found that the elderly and females were the most susceptible to severe memory loss.
The study does not address the actual impact of these losses on the lives of individual patients. Like most such reports, it’s all a matter of statistics. In human reality the loss of autobiographical memories indicates that patients could no longer recall important life experiences, such as their wedding, family celebrations, graduations, vacation trips, and births and deaths. In my experience, it also includes the wiping out of significant professional experiences. I have evaluated dozens of patients whose professional and family lives have been wrecked, including a nurse who lost her career but who recently won malpractice suit against the doctor who referred her for shock. Her story is told on my website, http://www.breggin.com.
Even when these injured people can continue to function on a superficial social basis, they nonetheless suffer devastation of their identities due to the obliteration of key aspects of their personal lives. The loss of the ability to retain and learn new material is not only humiliating and depressing but also disabling. The slowing of mental reaction time is frustrating and disabling. Even when relatively subtle, these disabilities can disrupt routine activities of living. Individuals can no longer safely drive a car for fear of losing their concentration or becoming hopelessly lost. Others can no longer find their way around their own kitchen or remember to turn off the burner on the stove. Still others cannot retain what they have just read in a newspaper or seen on television. They commonly meet old friends and new acquaintances without having any idea who they are. Ultimately, the experience of “global” cognitive dysfunction impairs the victim’s identify and sense of self, as well as ruining the overall quality of life.
Although unmentioned in the Sackeim article, in addition to cognitive dysfunction, shock treatment causes severe affective or emotional disorders. Much like other victims of severe head injury, many post-shock patients become emotionally shallow and unable to relate on an intimate or spiritual level. They often become impulsive and irritable. Commonly they become chronically depressed. Having been injured by previously trusted doctors, they almost always become distrustful of all doctors and avoid even necessary medical care.
Decades of Opposition to Shock Treatment
This breaking scientific research has confirmed what I’ve been saying about shock treatment for thirty years. In 1979 I published Electroshock: Its Brain-Disabling Effects, the first medical book to evaluate the brain damaging and memory wrecking effects of this “treatment” for depression that requires inflicting a series of massive convulsions on the brain by means of passing a traumatic electric current through it. After many rejections, the courageous president of Springer Publishing Company, Ursula Springer, decided to publish this then controversial book. Dr. Springer told me about venomous attacks aimed at her at medical meetings as a result of her brave act in publishing my work. She never regretted it.
Over the years, I have continued to write, lecture, testify in court and speak to the media about brain damage and memory loss caused by electroshock (e.g., Breggin 1991, 1992, 1997, and 1998). At times my persistence has resulted in condemnation from shock advocates such as Harold Sackeim and Max Fink whom I have criticized for systematically covering up damage done to millions of patients throughout the world. It would require too much autobiographical detail to communicate the severity of the attacks on me surrounding my criticism of ECT. It was second only to the attack on me from the drug companies for claiming that antidepressants cause violence and suicide.
Given the vigor with which shock doctors have suppressed or denigrated my work, the study further surprised me by citing my 1986 scientific paper “Neuropathology and cognitive dysfunction from ECT” published in the Psychopharmacology Bulletin, noting that “critics contend that ECT invariably results in substantial and permanent memory loss.” They contrast this critical view with “some authorities,” specifically citing Max Fink and Robert Abrams, who have argued against the existence of any persistent shock effects on memory. The implication was clear that the critics were right and the so-called authorities were wrong. Sackeim was among those authorities.
Fink’s “authoritative” testimony at a number of malpractice trials has enabled shock doctors to get off Scott free after damaging the brains of their patients. Abrams used to testify successfully on behalf of shock doctors until I disclosed his ownership of a shock machine manufacturing company.
Unfortunately, the Sackeim group did not cite the work of neurologist John Friedberg who risked his career to criticize electroshock treatment. Nor did their article give credit to the published work of psychiatric survivor Leonard Frank or the anti-shock reform activities of the survivor moment lead by David Oaks of MindFreedom. They also didn’t cite Colin Ross’s 2006 review and analysis showing that ECT is no more effective than sham ECT or simply sedating patients without shocking them.
Will the latest confirmation of ECT-induced brain damage cause shock doctors to cut back on their use of the treatment? Not likely. Psychiatrist and their affiliated neurosurgeons always knew that lobotomy was destroying the brains and mental life of their patients and that knowledge did not daunt them one bit. It required an organized international campaign to discredit, to slow down and to almost eliminate the surgical practice of psychiatric brain mutilation in the early 1970s (Breggin and Breggin 1994). The ECT lobby is much larger and stronger than the lobotomy lobby, and much better organized, with its own journal and shock advocates positioned in high places in medicine and psychiatry. Stopping shock treatment will require public outrage, organized resistance from survivor groups and psychiatric reformers, lawsuits, and state legislation.
This essay will appear in Dr. Breggin’s column, “Politics, Practice and Breaking News,” in a forthcoming issue of the journal Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry, sponsored by the International Center for the Study of Psychiatry and Psychology (www.ICSPP.org).
Breggin, P. (1979). Electroshock: Its brain-disabling effects. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Breggin, P. (1991). Toxic psychiatry. New York: St Martin’s Press.
Breggin, P. (1992). The return of ECT. Readings: A Journal of Reviews and Commentary in Mental Health, 3 (March, No. 1), 12-17
Breggin, P. (1997). Brain-Disabling treatments in psychiatry. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Breggin, P. (1998). Electroshock: Scientific, ethical, and political issues.” International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine 11, 5-40.
Breggin, P. and Breggin, G. (1998). The war against children of color. Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press.
Frank, L. (1978). (Ed.). The history of electroshock. Available from L. Frank, 2300 Webster Street, San Francisco, CA 94115. Also available on http://www.Amazon.com.
Frank, L. (1990). Electroshock: death, brain damage, memory loss, and brain washing. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 11, 489-512.
Frank, L. (2006). The electroshock quotationery. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry, 8, 157-177.
Friedberg, J. (1976). Electroshock is not good for your brain. San Francisco: Glide Publications.
Friedberg, J. (1977). Shock treatment, brain damage, and memory loss: A neurological perspective. American Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 1010-1014.
Ross, Colin (2006). The sham ECT literature: Implications for consent to ECT. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry, 8, 17-28.
Sackeim, H., Prudic, J., Fuller, R., Keilp, J., Lavori, P. and Olfson, M. (2007). The cognitive effects of electroconvulsive therapy in community settings. Neuropsychopharmacology, 32, 244-254.
Dr. Breggin has written many articles about ECT on his website at the
The statistics for the number of ECTs given yearly are:
Ontario – 14,000 ECTs given yearly
British Columbia – 46,000 ECTs given in the past
USA – 100,000 Americans get ECT yearly
UK – 50,000 ECTs given yearly
Worldwide – 1 to 2 million people get ECT yearly
There are many other anti-ECT activists. In Toronto, Don Weitz and Dr. Bonnie Burstow co-founded the group called “Coalition Against Psychiatric Assault” (CAPA) The URL for CAPA is: http://capa.oise.utoronto.ca (main website), and the CAPA blog URL is: https://capacanada.wordpress.com
CAPA held an protest against the use of ECT last Mother’s day in Toronto. see the main website (past events section) for the videos and pics of the protest. On this website see Academic Articles section for ECT articles. The protest was a huge success. Bonnie Burstow read out my ECT statement at the protest.
Don and Bonnie co-edited the book “Shrink Resistant: The Struggle Against Psychiatry in Canada.
Don was the guest speaker at the recently at the Are We Mad? conference held on March 1st at the University of Alberta. Don spoke out against ECT.
Here is the link for his speech.
I had a video sent to this same conference. Here is the link for my speech.
Wendy Funk an ECT survivor like myself also sent a video to this conference
speaking about ECT. Wendy Funk wrote a book called “What Difference Does it Make – The Journey of A Soul Survivor). The link for Wendy’s speech is: http://www.lac.apirg.org/Funk.html
The website for the Are We Mad? conference is:
for all the videos presented at the conference, see this link:
Don and I were interviewed by journalist Jay Heisler for the Halifax Commoner newspaper recently. Here is the link for the article:
Dr. John Breeding, a psychologist in Austin, Texas has a group called
“Coalition for the Abolition of Electroshock in Texas”. His main website URL is::
He has a videos about protests about ECT at the URL:
See Dr. Breeding testimony to New York State:
See Leonard Roy Frank’s “Electroshock Quotationary” on the main website
Leonard Roy Frank is an ECT survivor who edited the book entitled “The History of Shock Treatment”. See the testimony by Leonard to New York State at the URL: http://www.ect.org/news/newyork/franktest.html
Juli Lawrence an ECT survivor has a huge website about ECT, info on ECT lawsuits, ECT testimonies etc. The URL is: http://www.ect.org
Dr. John Friedberg an American neurologist has been speaking about the harm done by ECT for years. See the link for his testimony to New York State about the 5 lies about ECT
Linda Andre an ECT survivor has been speaking out against ECT for years and her book on ECT should be published this year.
See Linda’s testimony on ECT:
Would you be intereted in interviewing me and others about ECT? Your show needs to show the harm done by electroshock to people like me and many othyers so people in the public will know the real truth about ECT.
I can be reached by email at: firstname.lastname@example.org or by telephone in Ottawa at 613-721-1833.
You can reach Don Weitz by email at: email@example.com and Bonnie Burstow by email at: firstname.lastname@example.org and Wendy Funk
to Ban Electroshock (ICBE)
Other ECT websites:
http://www.banshock.org – year 2000 FDA alert on ECT
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